Building Regulations are minimum standards set by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG) that cover the design and construction of buildings. They are also concerned with the health and safety of building users, energy and water efficiency, and access and facilities for people with disabilities.
With all building work, the owner and occupier of the property or land in question is ultimately responsible for complying with the relevant planning rules and building regulations. The role of checking that Building Regulations are, as far as can reasonably be determined, being complied with falls to a Building Control Body – either an Approved Inspector or a Local Authority. The person carrying out the work has the choice of which Building Control Body to use.
Approved Inspectors are persons authorised under the Building Act 1984 to carry out building control work in England and Wales. Approved Inspectors are required to adhere to the Construction Industry Council Approved Inspectors Register (CICAIR) Code of Conduct for Approved Inspectors and follow the Building Control Performance Standards in their working practices.
The role of building control is to act as an independent third party check and Approved Inspectors are required to take such steps as are reasonable to enable the Approved Inspector to be satisfied, within the limits of professional skill and care, that the applicable aspects of the Building Regulations are complied with.
A number of inspections are usually carried out during the building work. These are usually, but not necessarily, at specific stages, such as foundations, damp proofing and on completion. These inspections are carried out to check, but not to guarantee, that the work complies with the Building Regulations.